Chinese Music Instruments

huqin.jpg (4311 bytes)Huqin:


Chinese fiddle.  Huqin was introduced into China around 140 B.C., and has been one of the prevailing Chinese string instruments since that time.  The huqin in Chinese music is equivalent to the violin in melancholy sensation.  The erhu, ching-hu, gao-hu, and ban0hu are well-known as the family of huqin instrument.


Guqin:guqin.jpg (6270 bytes)

A seven-stringed plucked instrument, also named qin.  As one of the oldest Chinese musical instruments, the guqin is the most revered of the Chinese "long zither."   With a history of over 3,000 years, the guqin has a repertory which is the most refined in Chinese music.  It demands of the solo performer the highest knowledge, skill, and musicality.


guzheng.jpg (6331 bytes)A long-history traditional plucked instrument in China.  It is invented before 231 B.C. in the Chin Dynasty.  Perhaps guzheng is better known in the west as the Japanese Koto.  It is the main Chinese "long zither" apart from the rare and venerable qin.


di.jpg (4900 bytes)Chinese transverse flute.  It is the most widespread blew instrument in China.  During the Song Dynasty (960-1127 A.D) the di became important in popular music.  The di is the general name for a variety of Chinese flutes, two of the most common kinds of which are the bangdi and qudi.  The latter produces soft and soothing sounds, while the former produces strong and high-pitched acoustic effects.


xiao.jpg (3321 bytes)pipa.jpg (10829 bytes)An end-blown flute of China.  Xiao is a bamboo pipe with six holes.  The xiao makes soft and low-pitched sound.  The solo of the xiao by skillful performer is often characterized by impressively long and drawn-out sounds.


Chinese lute.  Pipa is one of the most played of Chinese four-stringed instuments.   It came to China during the 2nd century B.C. from Central Asia.  The pipa has music written in notations back to the 18th century.  It is usually played by the performer to describe "martia" of  "gentle" scenes.